Bootstrap Table Export To Excel

This jQuery Datatables tutorial help to create export datatable to excel format using HTML5 and buttons table tools. In Excel, choose the Home tab, and then choose the Show Taskpane button in the ribbon to open the add-in task pane. how to fix the image size in excel December 13, 2013 at 4:40 AM. from the datasheet view I can export the list into excel/access file. TableExport is very popular jQuery plugin to export HTML data into Excel,CSV and Text format. Data export to Excel, PNG and PDF. So if you're looking for functionality to export data at front-end using jQuery, then you're here at right place. net website in which I used the normal html buttons to achieve this. Beyond built-in OutSystems Platform optimizations, keep these 10 guideline Data Modeling Learn how to define the tables, relationships and indexes of the application of your database. This is achieved by using the built-in export and save functionality provided by the Shield UI library. Through Editor's abilities to be extensively customised and Bootstrap integration for DataTables you can have a beautiful Bootstrap styled interface for your tables and Editor in virtually no time!. You can export from a table, a query, a form, or a report. parameter 1: SQL query. This attribute may contain an EL expression. Multiple group header and large columns 4210. Offline you’re probably used to seeing tables in Excel, Google Sheets, and other spreadsheet programs. Today I will show you how you can Import Excel to MySQL using PHP programming language and bootstrap frontend framework. Working on a Logistics Proof-of-Delivery software, we needed to be able to generate and export reports to PDF, Excel and Doc formats. When I tried to use this on a second table it crashed Excel. React-bootstrap-table is a Bootstrap table component rebuilt by React. This example shows how the buttons option presented by Buttons can be used to very easily add export buttons to a table which Editor is operating on, while still retaining full editing control. Exporting example; Export to Excel documentation; Export to PDF documentation. How to read Excel files in Javascript/Jquery and convert the value to Json Introduction We have multiple ways to read excel file in C# and then convert it to JSON or insert the data in to database etc. The data were exported from a database that is already in use. Table when i exported to Excel. Microsoft Excel spreadsheet's data can be exported to a new MySQL database table by using the Export Excel Data to New Table option. Regular ModeMost of the time you will log onto Data Mover in = regular mode. Table in HTML. Im currently using: $( "#clickExcel" ). Tables are one of the oldest elements in HTML. This JavaScript Tree Table component allows exporting data to PDF, PNG and Excel files for further processing. This article will explain how to convert (export) HTML Table to Excel file with the help of the jQuery table2excel plugin. Exporting data from a table can often be a key part of a complex application. Tag: python , html , django , export-to-excel , xlrd The whole process is that i am passing lists to the html template in Django as :-. Bootstrap is a popular framework library that provides a unified look-and-feel for web-applications. /* First, call the `TableExport` constructor and save the return instance to a variable */ var table = TableExport(document. Export an Excel table to. Excel, export, xlsx icon export, xlsx icon 32px 16×16px FatCow Web Hosting Visit website. i want to fix the image height & width to 100px. How to use it: Download and load the saveAsExcel. Sometimes you have a very big list of items in an excel file and at sometimes you need to import all that list into your database so you can see that list on your website. You have to pass your ASP. Choose the export document type in the dropdown list available inside the property panel and click the export button to export the pivot table to the selected document format. parameter 1: SQL query. Alternative plugins: Export Table & JSON Data To Excel With jQuery - ExportToExcel; Exporting Html Tables To CSV/XLS/XLSX/Text - jQuery TableExport; HTML Table To Excel Converter - saveAsExcel. We’ve learned how to make sure that your heading row (or column) prints on every page of your printout when you’re printing out your Excel 2007 or Excel 2010 document. If you're creating a site based on Bootstrap 3. Its premium admin dashboard template with flat and creative design. Because we often use HTML in our table cells, we need to specify something else for the export to make sense. When exporting a partitioned table, the original data may be located in different HDFS locations. Let's demonstrate integration of exportTable with php and mysql,its very easy and simple. The approach I take with this, is to load the data into a DataTable object first, which has the column names and the data in the columns. NET MVC 5 and database first approach using ASP. jQuery export table data into MS Excel With Image excel , html , jquery html table export to excel DEMO Exporting Html Table Data To Excel File Using Jquery With Css $("#export"). In this tutorial, I would like to share with you step by step import excel or csv to store in database and how to export or download excel or csv file from database using maatwebsite package in laravel 5. Let's find the Format as Table button. Bootstrap is a popular framework library that provides a unified look-and-feel for web-applications. The Installation Instructions link below explains how to install and use the add-in. Here I'll show you how to export data to Excel by using RkLib ExportData. The Bootstrap Spreadsheet is an Excel-inspired control that allows you to introduce spreadsheet functionality to an ASP. How To Make a Table in Excel Quickly (Watch & Learn) The screencast below is a guided tour to convert your flat data into an Excel table. This JavaScript Tree Table component allows exporting data to PDF, PNG and Excel files for further processing. Select the table you will save as an image, and click Kutools Plus > Import/Export > Export Range as Graphic. User defied excel format New;. To export grid data, assign its ID to the ASPxGridViewExporter. Export your tables: If you’ve created a table from within the TablePress interface, you can easily export your table in a CSV, HTML, or JSON file. To export in same sheet, define multipleExport. Code for Exporting Data table to exc. Very handy way to keep your data if you ever migrate to a new WordPress installation or even to a new CMS. Net using C# and VB. Its premium admin dashboard template with flat and creative design. NET on the server side? For server side creation of a "real" Excel file (using Office OpenXML) please have a look here:. In this tutorial you will learn how to export HTML Table data into Excel, CSV and Text using jQuery. js library for datepicker. You can use your copy and paste shortcuts to move data from excel straight to your jExcel spreadsheet and vice versa. This article will explain how to convert (export) HTML Table to Excel file with the help of the jQuery table2excel plugin. Our Vue components come with 27 standard themes including popular Bootstrap and Material themes. This template shows a standard Bootstrap table containing some data, which is parsed by the ShieldUI's DataSource widget and exported to Excel using the Excel Export functionality provided by the same library. The Bootstrap add-in is Bootstrap. table2excel. How can i include the tfoot and thead in the excel file. See below code for more instruction and also you can download the demo project with full source. Export a Query to Excel. Through Editor's abilities to be extensively customised and Bootstrap integration for DataTables you can have a beautiful Bootstrap styled interface for your tables and Editor in virtually no time!. Features: Adds the drop-down arrows to the columns you want to filter. Export GridView data to PDF document in ASP. While exporting the content it omits the thead and tfoot. Nah, kebetulan program yang saya kembangkan perlu adanya fitur export data ke dalam format excel dan karena saya menggunakan framework CodeIgniter, jadi di edisi tutorial kali ini kita akan membahas tentang cara membuat export to excel pada framework CodeIgniter. Press the big button in the middle to translate all table tags in the document to structured div elements with custom classes. To export the table, use window. Export HTML Table Data to Excel. Using AngularJS angular-datatables v0. Once the worksheet is loaded into the Excel library object, we can read each cell value and build a JSON array that will be used as the igGrid data source. You can also customize the exported document by adding the header, footer, and cell properties like type, style, and position programmatically. Tables vs Grids. Datamaps, Reactvirtualized hover, React virtualized, Orb, Bidirectional Infinite Scrolling, React bootstrap table, React data grid, React json table, React Spreadsheet Component, React datagrid, Dataminr components, React pivot, React structured filter, Reactabular, Fixed data table, React infinite grid…. i want to fix the image height & width to 100px. Code Tube 33,531 views. Dynamic Data Table with export to PDF/Excel; Smart Form elements (built on top of bootstrap library for robust form development) AJAX pages (pages are pulled in and scripts are loaded on request per page) Also now contains Clean HTML Pages (as of version 1. This free Bootstrap landing page template is suitable for agencies, firms and professional individuals offering web design, web development, marketing and other web-related services. Detail: Fired when the data is exported, the parameter contain: exportedRows: The exported rows (depends on exportDataType) Icons. ; Include FileSaver. I did some debugging on the plugin itself and found out that it doesn't export if the main table contains child table(s). Bootstrap is an open source toolkit for developing with HTML, CSS, and JS. in order to get the Bootstrap dialog box: Click in the Select Cell Range of Original Sample box, then click on cell A1, hold down the Shift key, and click on cell A21. NET MVC 5 and database first approach using ASP. In this tutorial let us learn about export as excel feature using Spring MVC framework. Preview page of Metronic Admin Theme #1 for basic datatable samples. It can be used as a worksheet function (WS) in Excel. Pixel Admin is well received amongst users for admin dashboards and control admin panels. Pixel Admin is well received amongst users for admin dashboards and control admin panels. Like many developers lacking design acumen I tend to use the fantastic Bootstrap framework for my administrative consoles, and so the below example will create a stylized hyperlink titled "Export to Excel" and pointing to. For more SQLite Tutorials Visit – http://sqlitetutorials. Here we will use jQuery, Bootstrap, moment JS with Rest API code in SharePoint. Set true to force export a column e. An HTML table plug-in for Bootstrap: with sorting, pagination, checkbox etc. Secondly i want to display where Showing 1-10 of entries is displayed. Part5 - Export the jQuery Datatable data to PDF,Excel,CSV and Copy Part 6 - Datatable Responsive - Using PHP and Mysql with Ajax Tabletools Plugin : This plugin is used to export table data into pdf,xls,csv etc. net website in which I used the normal html buttons to achieve this. The data were exported from a database that is already in use. getElementById("export-buttons-table")); getExportData. Code Tube 33,531 views. Exporting contents to excel spreadsheet is a much required functionality for almost every data driven website. 10 and above Server Side Data Processing. Enter your message; Click on 'Show Message' button to display message entered in input field. react-bootstrap-table2 support export table data to CSV. Detail: Fired when the data is exported, the parameter contain: exportedRows: The exported rows (depends on exportDataType) Icons. Then enter some records with heading as you wish, into your Excel spreadsheet and select the records. The clustered index on the OrgNode column will store the date in OrgNode sequence. Tables are/were designed purely for tabular data organized into neat rows and columns. Normally, exporting a Bootstrap-Table using Bootstrap-Table-Export. This makes the tables easier to view and more attractive, but they are still just basically dressed-up tables. Using this library, you can build tables easily with the export-to-file feature. Export GridView data to PDF document in ASP. Hi, do you want to do this purely on the client side? Or using C# / ASP. Through Editor's abilities to be extensively customised and Bootstrap integration for DataTables you can have a beautiful Bootstrap styled interface for your tables and Editor in virtually no time!. When i export the table to excel, all data in HTML will be exported to excel, If image is there in table i need to replace that in to text. You no need to scroll up and see the table headers. Adapun keuntungan apabila kita menggunakan framework css bootstrap adalah kita tidak perlu repot-repot lagi mendesain web dengan css dari awal, cukup gunakan class-class yang sudah di sediakan oleh bootstrap. But there exist Markdown syntax extensions which provide additional syntax for creating simple tables. xlsx extension. On clicking this button,datagrid gets filled with report and on clicking Export the filled datagrid is exported to excel. Export To Excel From WebGrid In ASP. How can i include the tfoot and thead in the excel file. Following are the steps to export datatable to excel in ASP. GitHub is home to over 40 million developers working together to host and review code, manage projects, and build software together. You can also add CSS classes to the rows using the attribute row-style-class. Bootstrap Table displays data in a tabular format and offers rich support to radio, checkbox, sort, pagination and so on. Today we'll export two different queries to two different formats: We'll export our Iron Maiden Albums query to an Excel spreadsheet. It gives the data into tabular view into excel sheet; @Code Snippet to export data into excel sheet in c#. Related sample: Export to Excel. A great starter for your new awesome project with 1000+ Font Awesome Icons, 4000+ Material Design Icons and Material Design Colors at BBBootstrap. html(); Anyway to export html table to excel? - jQuery Forum. Bootstrap Tutorial - Align table cell to right/left. To avoid this poor user interface, I'm going to share Bootstrap Fixed Table Header using simple CSS that will make the table header sticky. It may also contain a comma-separated list of CSS classes. I am trying to use leaflet and DT in flexdashboard using crosstalk. Generate a CSV file: If you open a CSV file in Excel, you can see a table with data. well if it can be put in excel, then closedxml can do it. Tables are also useful because they include features that make like selecting, sorting, paging and filtering your data very simple, a job that would otherwise drive you nuts!. NET MVC application, and there are multiple ways for doing it, one of the most common methods is to use Excel PIA (primary interop assemblies) but it is not recommended method as you would have to install Microsoft Office suite on your web server when you deploy your application on server. Therefore, the table formatting, e. To avoid this poor user interface, I'm going to share Bootstrap Fixed Table Header using simple CSS that will make the table header sticky. Many developers use GridView control to display web reports in their ASP. We discuss the benefits of storing source data in tables, how to use the SUMIFS function to conditionally sum transactions, and how to translate labels with a mapping table. react-bootstrap-table2 support export table data to CSV. Robust admin is super flexible, powerful, clean & modern responsive bootstrap 4 admin template. In this article we will see how to export from an HTML table using jQuery. Generate a CSV file: If you open a CSV file in Excel, you can see a table with data. Bootstrap = ModeThere are times when you may need to launch Data Mover using the = database access ID and password. The HTML tables are used to present data in grid format like row and columns. Import Excel to MySQL database is a very important method. NET MVC5 and Entity Framework 6 Posted By: Ajay Saptaputre, 17 Oct,2015 | Total View : 10752. If you're creating a site based on Bootstrap 3. Today, with this second post in the series, we'll focus on your user's exporting requirements whether they want to. Pixel Admin is well received amongst users for admin dashboards and control admin panels. TableExport is very popular jQuery plugin to export HTML data into Excel,CSV and Text format. These are the small + / - signs at the left side of a pivot item heading. The default export options can be overriden to customize the columns, types, formatting, rows and. Our jQuery grid offers a cell formatting feature where you can easily specify a formatting string for grid column. We are having an API and displayed in Angular 4 table. Export help to store information into file in readable format. Today I will show you how you can Import Excel to MySQL using PHP programming language and bootstrap frontend framework. HTML Cleaner is equipped with many useful features to make HTML cleaning and editing as easy as possible. You can also use CSV file to store data into mysql. Name Attribute Type Description Default; showFilter: data-show-filter: Boolean: set true to show filter menu. The HTML tables are used to present data in grid manner like row and columns. CREATE TABLE employeeinfo( emp_id VARCHAR(50) UNSIGNED PRIMARY KEY, firstname VARCHAR(30) NOT NULL, lastname VARCHAR(30) NOT NULL, email VARCHAR(50), reg_date VARCHAR(50) ) This will create a new table ` employeeinfo` in the database. Excel is one of most popular file format used to store tabular data into spreadsheet. Net, Excel, jQuery, HTML. Video: Create and format an Excel table. In the Export method in the controller class, you may be wondering what that ExcelFormatter class does. In this tutorial you will learn how to create elegant tables with Bootstrap. Hello, Is there a way to export an html table to excel. August 30, 2014, 4:08am #1. This is one of the frequently used feature in our web apps. Note that for ease of implementation, the buttons option is specified as true to use the default options, and the buttons(). I want to export specific number of columns from excel into. Exporting data into a format is a very common features in website. You can create a excel-like table from a JS array, json or even a CSV file. We are having an API and displayed in Angular 4 table. html(); Anyway to export html table to excel? - jQuery Forum. This class can convert data from Excel spreadsheet to JSON format. This article gives an explanation about how to export JSON string to CSV file in asp. excel-bootstrap-table-filter. But sometimes the table text just doesn’t cooperate. The Grid provides options for exporting its data to Excel. jspreadsheets compiles the best spreadsheets and data grids written in JavaScript. Click sort with html Checkbox 3345. Tag: python , html , django , export-to-excel , xlrd The whole process is that i am passing lists to the html template in Django as :-. The above commands produce this table in Excel: The solution above works well for this one table, but what if we need to export the tabulation table for 100 variables to the same Excel spreadsheet? It would be very tedious to run the same do-file 100 times, each time changing the cell and row numbers. HTML 5 Data Export - Robust - Responsive Bootstrap 4 Admin Dashboard Template for Web Application Robust Admin. You can show or hide the the expand and collapse buttons in a pivot table. First of all, always create a phpGrid object in the first line; then call its methods to define properties, and lastly always call display() to render to screen. When using grid, it is often useful and important to export your data to MS Excel in order to make it accessible offline, share it with your colleagues, etc. In this case a drop down button with four export buttons is added, and an individual print button. in order to get the Bootstrap dialog box: Click in the Select Cell Range of Original Sample box, then click on cell A1, hold down the Shift key, and click on cell A21. It is based on the Telerik document processing libraries which allow you to export RadGrid in Excel xlsx format introduced by Microsoft in Excel 2007. The Bootstrap Spreadsheet is an Excel-inspired control that allows you to introduce spreadsheet functionality to an ASP. Hi, do you want to do this purely on the client side? Or using C# / ASP. Press the big button in the middle to translate all table tags in the document to structured div elements with custom classes. Excel,CSV and Text are very common format to export data. Use this tool to convert delimited data to an HTML table; This tool will convert CSV to MediaWiki code. Apply a Table Style to Our Excel Data. In addition, we have dashboard templates for Excel and open source bootstrap admin templates. You can export your table data to excel, pdf or copy it to the clipboard. This is the must required plugin for any reporting / statistics kind of projects. The class argument specifies the CSS classes of the table. I want to export specific number of columns from excel into. Video: Create and format an Excel table. It's just that simple. You no need to scroll up and see the table headers. Exporting data from a table can often be a key part of a complex application. To export in same sheet, define multipleExport. I need to replace the Table Like this when i export to Excel File. Hi Klouapple. All Manuals Export html table to excel jquery php Export html table to excel jquery php. See below code for more instruction and also you can download the demo project with full source. aspx page in your project and generate datatable and also take one asp button to export excel sheet. I am looking for angular 4 experts to do a small task. This is the primarily advantage of using formatting functions over orthogonal data - the header and footer can also be formatted using this method (of course orthogonal and this formatting function method can both be used together if you prefer!). Design elements using Bootstrap, javascript, css, and html. GridView control render data in a tabular form just like HTML tables but it lack the functionality of exporting its contents to any other format such as Excel of PDF file. Bootstrap Tables. This is achieved by using the built-in export and save functionality provided by the Shield UI library. Format an Excel table. And open the data management menu (2). table2excel. I'll teach you the keyboard shortcut as well as the one-click option to convert your data to tables. I need to export a table of data in to an excel in mvc where the data is an raw html table as we do in gridview export in asp. While exporting the content it omits the thead and tfoot. I am facing an issue on exporting Bootstrap Data Table Rows to Excel. Code Tube 33,531 views. Three formatting functions can be used: header, footer and body. The table header allows sorting of the records by clicking on the appropriate field header. 送料無料!。SLBロッカー 木目扉タイプ 4人用 コインリターン錠 幅900×奥行515×高さ1800mm【SLB -4-R】. There is a new command in Stata 13, putexcel, that allows you to easily export matrices, expressions, and stored results to an Excel file. But there exist Markdown syntax extensions which provide additional syntax for creating simple tables. Export Script. RKLib ExportData is a class library used to export data to excel. The data is exported into an Excel document with "Data" name and "Data" sheet name. this is work with java,php,angular,laravel,codeigniter. Please do as follows: 1. 12:16 AM Bootstrap Table Wenzhixin, CSS No comments Hello All, One of the issue that I had with Bootstrap Tables is that you can't set the width directly using data-width attribute given the code below. This is a read-only table with a CSV export button, then an editable table form like Excel tab (DataTable) with add, remove, undo and update buttons. jQuery Grid Export to Excel - This example ilustrates how to export portions or the whole data shown in a Shield UI grid component to Excel. These are the small + / - signs at the left side of a pivot item heading. Here I'll show you how to export data to Excel by using RkLib ExportData. Generate a CSV file: If you open a CSV file in Excel, you can see a table with data. It can be used as a worksheet function (WS) in Excel. The best free datatable snippets available. Based on the requirements, i have to generate 3 dataTable using a JQuery function like below and i need to implenet a button to export the result into an excel file. Let's demonstrate integration of exportTable with php and mysql,its very easy and simple. We will use the bootstrap-datepicker. Excel Export. You can add a multitude of color on the header section, alternative row color, text-align, font size etc on your spreadsheet section. You can also define the appearance of the resulting table by adding various export options. Exporting data into a format is a very common features in website. Convert a table to a range. The class argument specifies the CSS classes of the table. First of all, always create a phpGrid object in the first line; then call its methods to define properties, and lastly always call display() to render to screen. Hi Klouapple. Im currently using: $( "#clickExcel" ). It helps you choose the most suitable component for your project. The Bootstrap Spreadsheet is an Excel-inspired control that allows you to introduce spreadsheet functionality to an ASP. Formatting functions for export buttons are specified by assigning a function to one (or more) of the format object of the exportOptions object. Export GridView data to PDF document in ASP. NET MVC 5 and Entity Framework 6 and WebGrid in MVC 5 with Razor view and Entity Framework 6. jQuery Grid Export to Excel - This example ilustrates how to export portions or the whole data shown in a Shield UI grid component to Excel. CSV-Export is a small and easy-to-use JavaScript library which lets you export JSON data to a CSV file. ClosedXML is a. Use this tool to convert delimited data to an HTML table; This tool will convert CSV to MediaWiki code. Bootstrap is an open source toolkit for developing with HTML, CSS, and JS. Excel, export, xlsx icon export, xlsx icon 32px 16×16px FatCow Web Hosting Visit website. How to Use Bootstrap Datepicker in Laravel is the topic, we will discuss today. 0 – Gridview to Excel, DataTable to Excel Exporting contents to excel or preparing a excel report of the data displayed on a webpage is one of the most common tasks in real world web applications. It is very common task for web developers. The solution is the same though, only include the bottom row headers in your table range. Related sample: Export to Excel. Now, right click the query step (1). when working with large tables and it makes it easy to scroll and compare data from different parts of the table. This release of Buttons addresses a number of issues, primarily around the export of files (correct CSV escaping, certain data casing invalid Excel files to be created, and others). It´s based on Batta Tech Excel Export, but a bit more simple. Export Excel Data into MySQL. The EXPORT command exports the data of a table or partition, along with the metadata, into a specified output location. It is a responsive HTML template that is based on the CSS framework Bootstrap 3. In this tutorial, we have used ExportButton Plugin to export Datatable data into in CSV,PDF,Excel etc format as well as Copy the table data into clipboard. Bootstrap Tables. While exporting the content it omits the thead and tfoot. Now, i am looking to create a fullscreen option on the leaflet section which i am not able to do. net website in which I used the normal html buttons to achieve this. These framework allow you to upload your Excel file or Download data from Application. I am trying to use leaflet and DT in flexdashboard using crosstalk. 1, I want to generate Invoice (PDF) , can anybody please let me know how to use bootstrap css with it?. I have a button for generating report within some scope. Net MVC using Bootstrap Modal and display records using Jquery DataTables with Exporting and printing. MySQL - Print, PDF, Excel and CSV Export Tools is a web application that allows you to export Print, PDF, Excel and CSV files from your MySQL Database. Export/Import is very common functionality for web development, some time we need to export all grid data into excel file or csv file for reporting purposes. Join GitHub today. Exporting data into a format is a very common features in website. Can any body please suggest me the solution?. Note that for ease of implementation, the buttons option is specified as true to use the default options, and the buttons(). More Demos Bootstrap jqGrid JS TreeGrid JS PivotGrid JS PHP jqGrid Scheduler PHP Form Loading Data Export to Excel,Pdf, Csv New. We discuss the benefits of storing source data in tables, how to use the SUMIFS function to conditionally sum transactions, and how to translate labels with a mapping table. But this jQuery Datatables plugin has feature for export table data into different file format like Excel, CSV, PDF. In this post, we will see how to implement excel export functionality in React app in both ways. See screenshot: 2. Angular 4 Data Table File Export - Duration: Table Export to Excel (XLS), CSV, TXT Using jQuery and Bootstrap - Duration: 5:18. Today, with this second post in the series, we'll focus on your user's exporting requirements whether they want to. Select one of the export options - export to CSV file or export to XML file. I have a button for generating report within some scope. Features: Adds the drop-down arrows to the columns you want to filter. Therefore, the table formatting, e. If you want to enable users to export data from the datagrid, you should enable this feature. Scheduler Export Module Export your Scheduler to PDF/PNG using a local export module. In gridview the image are showing in a fixed size. In this tutorial, we will demonstrate how to implement bootstrap in laravel. The data in the Excel file must start from the A1 cell. I did some debugging on the plugin itself and found out that it doesn't export if the main table contains child table(s). Here in this tutorial quickly i am going to explain how to export grid data or HTML table data to excel file or CSV ( comma-seperated values). Data are moved right and table now starts from cell B1. Similar table syntax is used in the Github Flavored Markdown, in short GFM tables. We will be using Spring 3 annotation based approach. So here we have to create table and fetch records to DataTable and we can export to excel.